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Orff's last work, De temporum fine comoedia (Play on the End of Times), had its premiere at the Salzburg Festival on August 20, 1973, and was performed byHerbert von Karajan and the WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne and Chorus. In addition to his career as a composer, Orff developed an influential method of music education for children. With the success of Carmina Burana, Orff disowned all of his previous works except for Catulli Carmina and the Entrata (an orchestration of "The Bells" byWilliam Byrd (1539–1623)), which were rewritten until acceptable by Orff. Orff wrote his own texts[clarification needed] and, without a teacher, learned the art of composing by studying classical masterworks on his own. "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", commonly known as "O Fortuna", from Carmina Burana, is often used to denote primal forces, for example in the Oliver Stone film The Doors. Carl Orff (German: [ˈɔɐ̯f]; (1895-07-10)10 July 1895 – (1982-03-29)29 March 1982)[1] was a German composer and music educator,[2] best known for his cantata Carmina Burana (1937). His tombstone bears his name, his dates of birth and death, and the Latin inscription Summus Finis (the Ultimate End), which is taken from the end of De temporum fine comoedia. Orff by happenstance called at Huber's house on the day after his arrest. [8][9] The following year, he composed an opera, Gisei, das Opfer (Gisei, the Sacrifice). Later that month, he met with Clara Huber, who asked him to contribute to a memorial volume for her husband. Al 1946-48, risale l’Astutuli, eine bairische Komödie, per il quale Orff tornò alla tradizione antica, riassunta e glorificata nel De temporum Fine Comoedia (1970-71), il sunto delle opere del compositore: si tratta di un lavoro escatologico e visionario che trae spunto da altri testi di Orff… Opere: Antigona (1949) si Oedip der Tyrann (1959), Catulli Carmina (1943) si Trionfo di Afrodite (1951), Carmina burana. [1][22] He was married four times: to Alice Solscher (m. 1920, div. Orff by happenstance called at Huber's house on the day after his arrest. They were designed as examples of pieces that show the use of ostinati, bordun, and appropriate texts for children. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". Orff was reluctant to term any of his works simply operas in the traditional sense. His tombstone bears his name, his dates of birth and death, and the Latin inscriptionSummus Finis (the ultimate goal), which is taken from the end of De temporum fine comoedia. The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. His family was Bavarian and was active in the Imperial German Army; his father was an army officer with strong musical interests. [citation needed] The text is a German translation by Friedrich Hölderlin of the Sophocles play of the same name. The passionately declaimed opera of Monteverdi's era was almost unknown in the 1920s, however, and Orff's production met with reactions ranging from incomprehension to ridicule. Orff is most known for Carmina Burana (1936), a "scenic cantata". Music was played regularly in Orff´s own home. Carl Orff (10. juli 1895 – 29. marts 1982) var en tysk komponist og musikpædagog uddannet i München, hvor han tilbragte 2. He then served in the German Army during World War I, when he was severely injured and nearly killed when a trench caved in. Orff studied at the Munich Academy of Music and with the German composer Heinrich Kaminski and later conducted in Munich, Mannheim, and Darmstadt. However, these various activities brought Orff very little money. Življenje. Orff was there as the head of a department from 1925 until the end of his life, and he worked with musical beginners. In this highly personal work, Orff presented a mystery play, sung in Greek, German, and Latin, in which he summarized his view of the end of time. There he developed his theories of music education, having constant contact with children. 1925), Gertrud Willert (m. 1939, div. Carl began to learn the piano, organ and 'cello aged five. As an historical aside, Carmina Burana is probably the most famous piece of music composed and premiered in Nazi Germany. But the composition, with its unfamiliar rhythms, was also denounced with racist taunts. If his friendship with Huber was ever discovered, he told her, he would be "ruined". Huber's distraught wife begged Orff to use his influence to help her husband, but Orff declined her request. Given Orff's previous lack of commercial success, the monetary factor of Carmina Burana's acclaim was significant to him. Although his fame rests on the success of a single work, Carmina Burana, Orff was a multi-faceted musician and prolific composer. According to Canadian historian Michael H. Kater, during Orff's denazification process in Bad Homburg, Orff claimed that he had helped establish the White Rose resistance movement in Germany. [citation needed]. Carmina Burana was in fact so popular that Orff received a commission in Frankfurt to compose incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, which was supposed to replace the banned music by Mendelssohn. Afterwards, he held various positions at opera houses in Mannheim and Darmstadt, later returning to Munich to pursue his music studies. [1] He had lived through four epochs in the course of his life: the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and the post World War II West GermanBundesrepublik. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1936), a "scenic cantata". [citation needed]. They extend the language of Carmina Burana in interesting ways, but they are expensive to stage and (on Orff's own admission) are not operas in the conventional sense. Carl Orff (10-a de julio 1895 – 29-a de marto 1982) estis germana komponisto. His only child Godela (1921–2013) was from his first marriage. His grandfathers, both major generals, were active in a number of different academic fields, Carl von Orff (1828-1905) being involved in geodesy, mathematics and astronomy, while Karl Köstler (1837-1924) was an historian. Orff was there as the head of a department from 1925 until the end of his life, and he worked with musical beginners. 14, an unfinished large work for baritone voice, three male choruses and orchestra, based on a passage from Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical novel Also sprach Zarathustra. It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. He also began adapting musical works of earlier eras for contemporary theatrical presentation, including Claudio Monteverdi's opera L'Orfeo (1607). In 1911, at age 16, some of Orff's music was published. [citation needed] He soon found that he was more interested in composing original music than in studying to be a performer. Carl Orff (July 10, 1895(1895-07-10) - March 29, 1982(1982-03-29)) was a 20th-century German composer, best known for his cantata Carmina Burana (1937). During the German empire period, his family was active in the army. Wracked by guilt,[citation needed] on 19 January 1946 Orff wrote a letter to the deceased Huber. But while others followed the cool, balanced neoclassic works of Stravinsky, it was works like his Les noces (The Wedding), a pounding, quasi-folkloric evocation of prehistoric wedding rites, that appealed to Orff. The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. Teachers using the volumes are encouraged to simplify the pieces, to write original texts for the pieces and to modify the instrumentation to adapt to the teacher's classroom situation. But while others followed the cool, balanced neoclassic works of Stravinsky, it was works such as Les noces (The Wedding), an earthy, quasi-folkloric depiction of Russian peasant wedding rites, that appealed to Orff. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy. There he developed his theories of music education, having constant contact with children. Orff was buried in the Baroque church of the beer-brewing Benedictine priory of Andechs, south of Munich. The orchestration relies heavily on the percussion section and is otherwise fairly simple. Orff was a Roman Catholic. Carmina Burana was so popular that Orff received a commission in Frankfurt to compose incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, which was supposed to replace the banned music by Mendelssohn. Orff's German version, Orpheus, was staged under his direction in 1925 in Mannheim, using some of the instruments that had been used in the original 1607 performance. 14, an unfinished large work for baritone voice, three male choruses and orchestra, based on a passage from Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical novel Thus Spake Zarathustra. They extend the language of Carmina Burana in interesting ways, but they are expensive to stage and (on Orff's own admission) are not operas in the conventional sense. The medieval poems, written in Latin and an early form of German, are often racy, but without descending into smut. [23] She has described her relationship with her father as having been difficult at times. He was from a Bavarian family. Orff's letter was published in that collection the following year. 1959) and Liselotte Schmitz (m. 1960). Carl Orff (München, 1895. július 10. Later on, however, many of these earlier works were released (some even with Orff's approval). Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The story of Antigone has a haunting similarity to the history of Sophie Scholl, heroine of the White Rose resistance movement, and Orff may have been memorializing her in his opera. In 1930, Orff published a manual titled Schulwerk, in which he shares his method of conducting. német zeneszerző, zenetanár.A 20. századi zene – és benne az akkori német muzsika – egyik leghíresebb és legérdekesebb alakja. His family was Bavarian and was active in the Imperial German Army; his father was an army officer with strong musical interests. Carl Orff (n. 10 iulie 1895, München, Regatul Bavariei - d. 29 martie 1982, München, Republica Federală Germania) a fost un compozitor german cunoscut pentru muzica sa educațională și de teatru. Orff was a friend of Kurt Huber, one of the founders of the resistance movement Weiße Rose (the White Rose), who was condemned to death by the Volksgerichtshof and executed by the Nazis in 1943. Orff's ideas were developed, together with Gunild Keetman, into a veryINNOVATIVE approach to music education for children, known as the "Orff Schulwerk". Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. Teachers using the volumes are encouraged to simplify the pieces, to write original texts for the pieces and to modify the instrumentation to adapt to the teacher's classroom situation. It was conceived during the 1920s and 1930s while he served as music director of the Günther-Schule; a school of music, dance, and gymnastics that he co-founded in Munich. Ezt a hírnevet nemcsak operák és más vokális alkotások révén szerezte, hanem pedagógiai munkásságával is. Moser's Musik-Lexikon states that Orff studied at the Munich Academy of Music until 1914. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". Hans Zimmer later reworked this music for his True Romance (1993) score. Influenced by the French Impressionist composer Claude Debussy, he began to use colorful, unusual combinations of instruments in his orchestration.[10]. Orff is most known for Carmina Burana (1936), a "scenic cantata". Carl Heinrich Maria Orff (10. července 1895, Mnichov − 29. března 1982, Mnichov) byl německý skladatel expresivní hudby a pedagog, po kterém je pojmenován instrumentář tzv. [14] Defenders of Orff note that he had already composed music for this play as early as 1917 and 1927, long before this was a favor for the Nazi regime. [15] In it, Orff implored him for forgiveness.[16]. For example, he referred to his works Der Mond (The Moon, 1939) and Die Kluge (The Wise Woman, 1943) as Märchenopern ("fairytale operas"). His mother was an accomplished pianist who taught him when he was a child. He had a long friendship with German-Jewish musicologist, composer and refugee Erich Katz,[14] who fled Nazi Germany in 1939. His Carmina Burana was hugely popular in Nazi Germany after its premiere in Frankfurt in 1937. The work was based on thirteenth-century poetry found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis found in the Benedictinemonastery of Benediktbeuern in 1803 and written by the Goliards; this collection is also known as Carmina Burana. [11] In it, Orff implored him for forgiveness.[12][13]. After several performances of this music, he claimed not to be satisfied with it, and reworked it into the final version that was first performed in 1964. Orff ni želel govoriti o svoji preteklosti, zato so biografski podatki, predvsem v času svetovnih vojn, delno zabrisani. [23] The work's association with fascism also led Pier Paolo Pasolini to use the movement "Veris leta facies" to accompany the concluding scenes of torture and murder in his final film Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom.[24]. Orff's letter was published in that collection the following year. [17], In any case, Orff's assertion that he had been anti-Nazi during the war was accepted by the American denazification authorities, who changed his previous category of "gray unacceptable" to "gray acceptable", enabling him to continue to compose for public presentation, and to enjoy the royalties that the popularity of Carmina Burana had earned for him.[18]. A fost compozitor, regizor și scenograf, libretist, actor, încă de mic copil. Kater also made a particularly strong case in his earlier writings that Orff collaborated with Nazi German authorities. Many of the parts are challenging for teachers to play. Lia plej vaste konata verko estas kantato Carmina Burana . With the success of Carmina Burana, Orff disowned all of his previous works except for Catulli Carmina and the Entrata (an orchestration of "The Bells" by William Byrd (1539–1623)), which he rewrote. Regresó a su Munich natal en 1919, donde estudió composición con Kamisnki. Live performances of them have been few, even in Germany. His musical influences were as diverse as … Complete your Carl Orff … Profile: Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a 20th-century German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1935/6). [10] Defenders of Orff note that he had already composed music for this play as early as 1917 and 1927, long before this was a favor for the Nazi regime. Developed by Carl Orff in the 1920s, Orff Schulwerk is a revolutionary approach to teaching that combines music, movement, and speech into lessons that mimic a child's play. His paternal grandmother was Catholic of Jewish descent. Carl Orff was born in Munich on 10 July 1895,[1] the son of Paula (Köstler) and Heinrich Orff. [19][20] Orff was married four times: to Alice Solscher (m. 1920, div. The Carl Orff Schulwerk Method combines music, movement, drama, and speech into lessons that are similar to a child’s world of play. Before writing Carmina Burana, he also edited 17th-century operas. Many of the parts are challenging for teachers to play. In 1930, Orff published a manual titled Schulwerk, in which he shares his method of conducting. His Carmina Burana was hugely popular in Nazi Germany after its premiere in Frankfurt in 1937. Orff was a friend of Kurt Huber, one of the founders of the resistance movement Weiße Rose (the White Rose), who was condemned to death by theVolksgerichtshof and executed by the Nazis in 1943. Orff died of cancer in Munich in 1982 at the age of 86. Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy. Most of Orff's later works – Antigonae (1949), Oedipus der Tyrann (Oedipus the Tyrant, 1958), Prometheus (1968), and De temporum fine comoedia (Play on the End of Times, 1971) – were based on texts or topics from antiquity. Carl Orff received honorary doctorates from the Universities of Tübingen (1959) and Munich (1972) and also the Great Order of Merit with Star and shoulder ribbon of the Federal Republic pf Germany (1972). This approach to music education was developed by Carl Orff, a German composer, conductor and educator whose most famous composition is the oratorio " Carmina Burana ". These pieces are collectively called Musik für Kinder (Music for Children), and also use the term Schulwerk. Carl Orff was born on 10 July 1895 in Munich, Germany, into a Bavarian family with long tradition of services in the military. Carl Orff (1895-1982) was a German composer best known for Carmina Burana. [9] He was one of the few German composers under the Nazi regime who responded to the official call to write new incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream after the music of Felix Mendelssohnhad been banned. Carl Orff Carl Orff (Monaco di Baviera, 10 luglio 1895 – Monaco di Baviera, 29 marzo 1982) è stato un compositore tedesco, noto principalmente per i celeberrimi Carmina Burana (1937). Carl Orff, nemški skladatelj in pedagog, * 10. julij 1895, München, Nemško cesarstvo, † 29. marec 1982, München. It has been labelled by some as minimalistic, a term which is most pertinent in terms of the melodic line. However, these various activities brought him very little money. In pedagogical circles he is probably best remembered for his Schulwerk ("School Work"). Two years later he was shifted to Wittelsbach Gymnasium. Given Orff's previous lack of commercial success, the monetary factor of Carmina Burana's acclaim was significant to him. Orff was buried in the Baroque church of the beer-brewing Benedictine priory of Andechs, southwest of Munich. He was married to Liselotte Schmitz, Luise Rinser, Gertrud Willert and Alice … [2] His family wasBavarian and was active in the Army of the German Empire. Life and Music Orff’s family were army officers by profession but they loved music. In Orff Schulwerk classrooms, children begin with what they do instinctively: play! https://opera.fandom.com/wiki/Carl_Orff?oldid=4304, Bairisches Welttheater (Bavarian world theatre). Influenced by the FrenchImpressionist composer Claude Debussy, he began to use colorful, unusual combinations of instruments in his orchestration. Here are some interesting facts about Orff for you: Facts about Carl Orff 1: the place of birth. [3][4][5], Orff started studying the piano at the age of five, and he also took organ and cello lessons. Műveit világszerte ma is a legnagyobb sikerrel játsszák. He had very little interest in academics. Carl Orff : Opere complete (1911-1973) (con soclassiq : Rendere la musica classica accessibile a tutti, con amanti della musica). [21] She has described her relationship with her father as having been difficult at times. For other uses, see, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDangel-Hofmann1999 (, Carl Orff Documentation trans. In 1924 Dorothee Günther [de] and Orff founded the Günther School for gymnastics, music, and dance in Munich. Carl Orff worked until the end of his life to continue the development and … While still a teenager he enlisted, but returned home in 1917 after a near-lethal case of shell shock. Huber's distraught wife, Clara, begged Orff to use his influence to help her husband, but he declined her request. The Orff Schulwerk, or simply the Orff Approach, is a developmental approach used in music education.It combines music, movement, drama, and speech into lessons that are similar to child's world of play.

Finale Coppa Uefa 1982, Foresteria Esercito Napoli, Bac San Marino, Aste Tribunale Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Art 14 Congedo Ordinario, Abitanti Di Enna, Biologo Marino Stipendio, Masha E Orso Masuko, Italia Germania 1974 26 Settembre,

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